The use of tobacco in Armenia is a serious problem.
The population has predominantly used tobacco by smoking. Unfortunately,
we have no objective data on the number and social structure of
smokers in the Soviet period, and only since 1994, when the MOH
initiated appropriate studies and researches, we had got more
or less objective information about the tobacco use, its prevalence
and consequences in Armenia. [See, country
Traditionally, smokers in Armenia were men, but in the course
of time the epidemic has also spread among women and young people.
Gradually, the issue of tobacco smoking due has invoked the
interest not only among health experts and professionals, but
also among large circles of the Armenian society. Now there
is a large list of institutions and non-governmental organizations,
dealing with the problem of tobacco control, and it is necessary
to note that this problem is also one of the Government’s
priorities. The problem is so urgent not because Armenia has
always been a traditional tobacco-cultivating country, but it
is also a producer of the final tobacco product – cigarettes,
and the tobacco industry in Armenia is very influential. Apart
of the local tobacco producers, the transnational corporations
are also present in Armenia – by official representations
offering, advertising and promoting their products at the local
Since the end of 1990s, MOH, some members parliament and tobacco
control activists started working on the tobacco control policy
with the WHO support. Armenia’s involvement in the tobacco-related
international forums has become more active and comprehensive.
The Armenian representatives have made a valuable contribution
to the elaboration of international initiatives, projects, actions,
working out of documents, statements, etc.
Tobacco control activity in Armenia embraces a lot of institutions,
organizations and NGOs.
The MOH tobacco control program is coordinated by Dr. Alexander
Bazarchyan under the guidance of Head State Sanitary Doctor
of MOH Vladimir Davidyants.
The main challenges of tobacco smoking in Armenia are the tobacco-related
mortality, morbidity, economic losses, socio-cultural consequences.
The main objective of the Program is to reduce the tobacco
smoking prevalence and its negative impact on non-smokers and
the society as a whole in the country by means of increasing
awareness among the population (conferences, WNTDs, seminars,
round tables, TV programs, shows), elaboration of tobacco control
policy (promotion of FCTC, preparation of drafts for legislation
acts, amendments, consultations with MPs), coordination of efforts
of the state and non-governmental institutions and organizations
(working meetings, consultations, discussion), etc.